While SailfishOS IDE (Qt Creator) is probably pretty good for C++ programming with Qt libraries, and the Sailfish flavour comes nicely bundled with complete Sailfish OS instances as virtual machines (one for building binaries and one for emulating running the binaries) the overall workflow is not very optimal from a QML development point of view. Each time a developer presses the Play button to launch his app, Qt Creator builds the app from scratch, packages it, deploys it on the emulator (or a real device if set up to do so) and only then actually runs the app. After doing some changes to the source code, the developer needs to remember to press Stop and then press Play to build, deploy and start the app again. Even on a super fast machine this cycle takes at least 10 seconds.
It would be a much more optimal workflow if relaunching the app after QML source code changes would happen in only 1 second or even less. Using Entr it is possible.
Entr is an multi platform app which uses the operating system facilities to watch for file changes and to run a command the instant a watched file is changed. To install Entr on a Sailfish OS emulator or device, ssh to the emulator or device, add the community repository chum and install the package entr with (Note the chum for 220.127.116.11 also exists, but the repo is empty.):
ssh firstname.lastname@example.org ssu ar chum http://repo.merproject.org/obs/sailfishos:/chum:/18.104.22.168/22.214.171.124_armv7hl/ pkcon refresh pkcon install entr
After this change to the directory where your app and it’s QML files reside and run entr:
cd /usr/share/harbour-seravo-news/qml/ find . -name *.qml | entr -r /usr/bin/harbour-seravo-news
The find command will make sure all QML files in current or any subdirectory will be watched. Running entr with parameter -r will make sure it kills the program before running it again. The name of our app in this example here is seravo-news (available in the Jolla store if you are interested).
With this the app would automatically reload it any of the QML files change. To do this mount the app directory on the emulator (or device) to your local system using SSH:
mkdir mountpoint sshfs email@example.com:/usr/share/harbour-seravo-news mountpoint/
Then finally open Qt Creator, point it to the files in the mountpoint directory and start editing. Every time you’ve edited QML files and you feel like you want to see how the result looks like, simply press Ctrl+S to save and watch the magic! It’s even easier than what web developers are used to do then pressing F5 to reload, because on the emulator (or device) there is nothing you need to do, just look at it while the app auto-restarts directly.
Remember to copy or directly git commit your files from the mountpoint directory when you’re completed writing the QML files.
Entr has been packaged for SailfishOS by Seravo staff. Subscribe to our blog to get notified when we post about how to package and build RPM packages using the Open Build System and submit them for inclusion in SailfishOS Chum repository.